The Use of Jute to create Hessian Bags originated in Bengal in the 19th and 20th Centuries. The material (otherwise known as hessian), which was created by stripping jute plants of their fibre and weaving them in to various crafts. The process is called ‘retting’ where the jute plant is picked, submersed in water and left out to dry. After it has dried, the fibre is then separated from the stem and is ready to use for craft.
We see the use of this material in everyday landscapes. It lines the soil in our streets so as to avoid soil erosion. We use it in the transportation of soil and plant matter in the form of hessian bags. We also see it in use as wares and a biodegradable alternative to plastic bags.
Its use in weaved products provides strength; This technique is used to create bags and twine.
The use of Jute was heavily impacted in the 1970’s as new synthetic fibres came on to the market. But with the resurgence of craft and an environmentally minded society, we are slowly seeing this viable, strong and biodegradable material be used more and more.