China

China is the 4th largest country with the 1st population in the world. With its abundant natural resources as the foundation for rapid development, and also the economic globalization provide a great scope for the labor forces in China. Thus the pillar industry of China is primary industry (export rice, weat etc.)  and secondary industry (such as manufacturing, mining ), but it also caused environment problems such as air, water pollution. To create a sustainable developing method, China has started to build up the third industry. What is important is that to improve the environment, and that require a revolution of city design which the eco-city project would help alot.

• Basic facts: Population/GDP (5 year comparison/Wealth
The 4th largest country has 1.34 billion populations. (2013 est.)

Population growth rate: 0.46% (2013 est.) country comparison to the world:155

Climate: extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north. GDP: $12.61 trillion (2012 est.) GDP growth rate: 7.8% GDP (PPP): $9,300 (2012 est.)China-2013[1]?????????????????????????

• Ethnic make up/religion/tradition
Ethnic groups: Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5%
Religion: Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%, officially atheist (2002 est.)
• Specific industries
mining and ore processing. machine building; consumer products; transportation equipment; telecommunications equipment.
• Specific capacity/efficiency/strength
Manufacturing. Practice new policies with efficient.
• Elements of interest
Land use:
Arable land: 11.62%
Approximately a half of China’s territory is uninhabitable.
Fresh water withdraws:
554.1 cu km/yr (12% for domestic/23% for industrial/65% for agricultural)
Environment issues:
air pollution (greenhouse gases, sulphur dioxide particulates) from reliance on coal produces acid rain; China is the world’s largest single emitter of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels; water shortages, particularly in the north; water pollution from untreated wastes; deforestation; desertification

Urbanization:
Urban population: 50.6% of total population (2011), estimated loss of one-fifth of agricultural land since 1949 to soil erosion and economic development
Energy use:

123

Electricity – from fossil fuels:
69.5% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 109
Electricity – from nuclear fuels:
1.1% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 32
Electricity – from hydroelectric plants:
21.8% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 87
Electricity – from other renewable sources:
7.6% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 26

• Historical milestones that affect the contemporary cultural make up
Establish of People’s Republic of China.
New art movement in 1989

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References:

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html

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