Qatar is a sovereign Arab state of Western Asia bordering Saudi Arabia. It is one of the wealthiest states in the region due to its Natural Gas and oil commodities. With a majority Muslim Religious Culture and High Arab and Indian Ethnicity, it boasts a population of 2,042,444 as of July 2013. Its Capital City, Doha, is known for its tourism and impressive skyline of architectural spectacles.
The Arab state of Qatar has been under the rule of a single Family Since the mid-1800s, The Al Thani family. Until the 1970s, the state was known for its pearling, but soon was found to be abundant in oil and Natural gas, an article of trade which would see it become highest Per –Capita Income country with the lowest unemployment rate in the world.
The current sheikh, Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, Overthrew his father’s rule in a non-violent coupe in 1995, and many believe that his rule may be the reason as to why the country’s future prospered in such a positive manner.
Their GDP being $183.4 Billion US ranks them 53rd in the world.
Industry makes up precisely 73.6% of their gross income, another 26.3% belonging to services and 00.1% to agriculture, it is obvious that the country solely relies on its natural resources, but it seems that its booming tourism market may soon lead them into an even more prosperous future.
Museum of Islamic Art
This project is by Pei Partnership Architects of New York. An arts museum with an evoking exterior. I like this project because it is a testament to the work that is happening in Qatar to make it the cultural center of the UAE.
An office building being built in the centre of the city by Aesthetics Architects Go group. The project represents the thriving energy of a cactus in the desert. An excellent example of a design which reflects the immediate surroundings, With Qatar being known for its vast desert lands.
The Sahara Forest Project
This is an amazing project which is hoping to turn the vast deserts of Qatar into a city of greenhouses to promote local agriculture in Qatar. As 97% of food is imported to Qatar, their money and resources to source such food may whither as their oil reserves slowly dissipate. A great idea to secure a countries future using a closed loop system to not only create foods, but water, fuels and energy.
Sidra Tree Convention Centre
This stunning piece of architecture is Qatars National Convention Centre. A design by Yamasaki Architects which replicates the structure of a well-known cultural iconof Qatar, the Sidra tree. With its Short trunks and flattened out branch structure, this form of bio-mimicry creates an appealing aesthetic with a deep cultural symbolism
This piece is an architectural Venture by Katara Hospitality group which is a structure that mimics the two crossing swords in Qatars national symbol.
Hamad International Airport
Another piece of the UAE’s impecible monuments. This is the International hub for all tourism in Qatar, Designed by HOK, This airport and its surrounding=s were designed as part of the tourist experience which is so well known throughout the UAE. The rich hospitable culture is apparent in the high class hotels and the flowing form of the roof compliments the flowing terrain surrounding the airport.
Bu El Qubeb & Ahmed Bin Ali Market Development
I like the thought behind this restoration. More of an update if anything. The designers decided to recreate the market in a way that preserves its original heritage, but allows it to blend in more seamlessly with the surrounding urban sprawl. Designed by SAMOO Architects & Engineers.
Crystal Ball Building
This building, designed by Vedran Pedišić (SANGRAD) and Erick Velasco Farerra (AVP-arhitekti), will be built for the 2022 FIFA world cup in Qatar. The building will hold a sports museum and mall within it. It is built around a central column, and the sphere rotates throughout the day. During the day it filters only natural light through its surface, but as the sun sets the ball lights up, as if to represent the scorching sun of the middle east.
Architect Edouard Francois talks about a new ages of biotecture where concepts like the one shown above will dawn Qatars Capital city Doha. He speaks of the benefits that planting green life on walls and roofs of existing buildings and new projects will have for insulation of the buildings to trap in cool air and repel heat, something important in the middle of the desert.
Designed by Jean Nouvel, Qatars first ever vertical garden, The burj Doha is adorned with an ancient Islamic screen which was used to keep heat out during summer, without compromising privacy.
The Sahara Forest Project
The Sahara Forest Project is a fascinating endeavour. I find it interesting as it seeks to alter the future of the state’s resources and landscape in hope of creating a new market for economy as Qatar’s oil and gas reserves slowly dissipate. The project utilises several different Technologies to create a closed loop system which outputs food, energy, fuels and clean drinking water.
The system works on greenhouses which will house agriculture. These are well kept by the immense amount of CO2 created in the sweltering heat of the desert within the greenhouses, as well as the purified sea water which is used to promote their growth. The water is also used in current to create energy using water wheels and promotes the growth of algae to create Micro-diesel Biofuels. The waste product of the algae is then used a fertiliser for the plants as well.