Hangzhou Bay Bridge
Architects: Wang Rengui, Meng Fanchao
Rationale: The Hangzhou Bridge is a cable bridge which acts as a highway in the eastern coastal region of china. It spans 35,673m across Hangzhou bay. The Hangzhou Bridge connects Shanghai and Ningbo and shortens the distance between the two by 120 km.
Who is it designed for? The Hangzhou Bay bridge serves the people of shanghai, Ningbo and (surrounding regions) and the people of China.
Client:Engineering Headquarters of Hangzhou Bay Bridge
Designer: Frederich silaban
Who is it for? The Monas (national monument) is built for ALL the people of Indonesia.
Rationale: The Monas was designed as a symbol to commemorate the struggle for Indonesian independence. The monument also represents two important Indonesian tools, lingga and yoni which representbalance, harmony and eternal life.
Client: Government of Indonesia
Web link: http://www.indonesia.go.id/en/
Aceh Tsunami Museum
Designer: Ridwan Kamil
Who is it for? The Aceh Tsunami museum is for the people of Aceh and surrounding areas, this is because it is a community facility and also acts as a refuge shelter in the event of another tsunami/disaster.
Rationale: The Aceh museum was designed and constructed as a symbolic reminder of the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami which struck and devastated the area in 2004. The museum also acts as an emergency shelter if another disaster should occur. Apart from this, the museum serves as a point of education for people in the area.
Client: The Indonesian government
Web link: http://www.indonesia.go.id/en/
Wisma Dharmala Tower
Designer: Paul Rudolph
Web link: http://prudolph.lib.umassd.edu/
Who is it for? The Wisma Dharmala tower is used as the headquarters of the Dharmala Corporation, therefore it is for the workers and representatives of the Dharmala Corporation.
Rationale: Wisma Dharmala tower is an office space tower built in Sudirman Jl.Jenderal Jakarta which serves as the headquarters of the Dharmala Corporation. The unique forms and angles of the exterior serve as the buildings temperature control from the humid weather of Jakarta. For example the windows have slopping overhangs to allow a breeze to move through the building, but exclude the effects of direct sunlight. The unusual exterior appearance of this building is also due to Rudolph’s desire to emulate the beauty of traditional roofs in this area of Jakarta. Lastly, the white ceramic which covers the exterior were put in place as the local building codes banned the use of exposed concrete in this area of Jakarta.
Client: Dharmala Corporation
Designer: Alvin Tjitrowirja
Web link: http://www.behance.net/alvinT
Who is it for? What Country/Market? The furniture designed by Alvin Tjitrowirja is for the people of Indonesia as well as the world. It is aimed at a domestic/ global middle class market of consumers.
Rationale: This furniture is designed as a way to revitalise Indonesian design and communicate the character of Indonesian design/culture, materials and outstanding craftsmanship to the contemporary consumer.
Client: The client in this case is the consumer of the furniture.
Architect: Dennis Lau & Ng Chun Man Architects & Engineers
Web link: http://www.dln.com.hk/
Who is it for? Market? Country? As the CITIC Plaza is a multipurpose building, it appeals to the residential, retail, business and tourism markets and is built for use for the people of Guangzhou.
Rationale: The CITI plaza was built in the growing Tianhe District of Guangzhou and was built to serve multiple purposes, such as becoming a residential building and a retail/business center. This concrete building stands as a symbol of the cities increasing wealth and prosperity at a height of 390 meters.
Client: China international trust and investment corporation (CITIC)
Shanghai world financial centre
Architect: William Pedersen
Web link: http://www.kpf.com/bio.asp?id=7
Who is it for? The world financial centre is for tourists, businessmen, office workers, shoppers, tourists and the people of Shanghai.
Rationale: The Shanghai world financial centre is a multi-use building which includes hotels, offices, observation decks (some of which are built to allow cars to be showcased in them after coming up large lifts) shopping malls etc. It was built to serve all of these purposes and also achieves the second tallest hotel in the world. The colossal square in the top of the building was originally a circle, but it reminded the Chinese of the Japanese invasion (flag) and conflict pre-World War 2 and thus had it changed to a square.
Client:Mori Building Development Co., Ltd.
Web link: http://www.mori.co.jp/en/
LG Twin Towers Beijing
Architect: Skidmore, Owings and Merrill LLP
Web link: http://www.som.com/
Who is it for? Markets? The LG twin towers have multiple facilities and are for the people of Beijing, the towers also target the trade market.
Rationale: The LG twin towers were constructed initially to take part in the presentation of Beijing to the world during the 2008 Beijing Olympics and now serve as a Financial and trade centre in Beijing’s Expanding CBD. It is the place where many of Beijing’s rich have acquired their wealth and is also a facility for the public.
Client: Lucky Goldstar (LG)
Web Link: http://www.lg.com/au
The development of industrial design in Indonesia was partially influenced by government policy for many years. This was due to the government’s strong role in all economic decision making.
According to the World Bank, the value added by Manufacturing to the % of GDP in Indonesia was last measured at 24.33 in 2011.
Indonesia is a country with a population of 246.9 million people, therefore, the potential opportunities to engage in design relationships/development and manufacturing is substantial.
Indonesia mass produces many products which are then exported around the world. (Much the same as China does)
(Some) Indonesian furniture companies who export around the world often design their furniture to include rattan and other natural fibres as a main material when constructing the furniture. This is because it is easy to grow and harvest in the Indonesian rainforest and has a minimal carbon footprint.