Part 1: vincent callebaut architectures: asian cairns, shenzhen, china


The Chinese city of Shenzhen recently commissioned the French firm Vincent Callebaut Architects to come up with an innovative and sustainable building solution for the growing metropolis. The result is this: The Shenzhen Asian Cairn Farmscraper project, an initiative consisting of six mix-used towers structured like a pile of rocks. Aside from being absolutely gorgeous, the buildings will provide space for residents, offices, shops, recreation — and as the name would imply, its own food.


Each farmscraper will consist of three interlacing eco-spirals of ‘pebbles’ which make their way up two large towers. The word ‘cairn’ describes piles of stones that are often used to identify hiking trails.


Design, Development, Culture and Cultural Legacies in Asia

The article dicusses the difinition of “design” in a political way and how it interacts with designers in many different aspects. Also, it analysises the value of design and put western design together with Asian design, comparing. It shows that Asian countries have more potential on their design industries than western as Asian countries have grown in a spectacular speed over the decade and they are still on the progress, in both economic and industry. Moreover, Asian countries have prosperous culture that western countries can not compare. It gives a new dimensions of Asian design and see it in a different perspective in contemporary culture.

Part 3




Company: Helsingborgs gummifabriks AB
Production: Extrusion
Material: Silicon rubber tubes

Approximatley 100 meters of waste are produced every time the machine is started. Since the tubes spread light and have a high heat resistance, it have served as material for lamps, one for office environment and one for home. The last step in the production lies on the user, who can cut the lamps in any haircut he/she prefers.



Company: Specialplast Wensbo AB
Production: Lasercutting, Printing
Material: Plastic IV-bags

Production of IV-bags generate inflatable cut-offs. The only addition that is needed for the leftovers to function as packaging for liquid, is one weld on the top and one weld on the bottom as well as a print explaining the content. Schampo, conditioner and soap are made to give showering a touch of self-medication. The bags can be used as refill or as they are, hanging in the shower. The content stays in the package when it is open, due to surface tension.



Company: Golvabia AB
Production: Cutting
Material: Wall to wall carpets

The production of carpets involves cutting off pieces in sizes up to 4 m2. The slippers are a complement to the carpet to create a connection between user and floor.

Clara Lindsten is an investigative, narrative industrial design for products, furniture, interiors & acessories – built on a creative process
that involves close collaborations with clients, producers& craftsmen. Although the project itself is not innovative, “recycling” is always a focused topic of innovation and the feature of future design. The style of these designs is not something fancy or luxurious, it is simple, practical and unique, not exactly like the products that we use in daily life.

The furniture industry in Vietnam has made vigorous and considerable progress, and the country is fast becoming an important export base and a world-class location for setting up furniture factories. Main goods imported from Vietnam are leather products, garments and agricultural products. However, handicraft industry has a lot of potential in Vietnam with 1500 handicraft villages.  Handicraft products can recycle materials by using wasted materials from machines, making profits out of low cost, that’s the main point I saw in this project and that’s what makes the project remarkable.

Part 2: Philippines Design Projects

1.) E-rike Eletric Vehicle

  • 3 wheeled eletric vehicle
  • Design Contest by the Department of Energy to design an E-trike for public transportation. A three wheeled electric VehicleGenerate 2D and 3D computer-aided drawings of the best aesthetic and functional design fro the future Philippine E-trike look. And showcase modern Tricycle innovation

2.) Retractable Concept Printer

Conceptual Printer that accommodates different sizes of media/ papers.

Portable and battery operated, designed by Neilson Navarrete.

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3.) Some Design Projects of Armin Magat Lopez

Armin is a highly innovative product designer in the home consumer product industry.

Armin’s design approach comes from his varied artistic background. He
incorporates abstract modern geometric forms that he championed as an
honored graduate in Architecture merged with a soft organic handcrafted
appeal inspired from growing up as a skilled artisan in his native Philippines.

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Part 2: Vietnam Design Projects


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A project about building long-term design capacities with local rattan producers through a de­signer exchange. Clara spent 6 months working in Vietnam with skilled craftsmen, experimenting with traditional methods and rattan materials, all based on the concept of increasing value by reducing material for designing sustainable products for the European market as well as providing training for local companies.

These designs aim to be an inspirational starting point, suggesting a re-conceptualization of rattan as a beautiful, raw and exotic material that carries a story of the past, of nature, and of handicraft – properties that calls for high-end, timeless, and authentic products.


01_leftover_lamps_office_home     01_Leftover_packages_shampoo_design

A project about that which is regarded as useless, to see it’s potential and to turn it into something useful.

The first step was to explore the magnitude of wasteproduction by visiting 16 different factories. The leftovers are often clean and repetitive with as high quality as the manufactured products. They have been categorized and looked upon as materials, serving as a basis for an experimental design process. A selection of 4 different materials have resulted in lamps, packages, a whip and slippers.

video link:


so-ethic-lounge-salon-du-pret-a-porter-paris-andrea-crews-clara-lindsten-1      so-ethic-lounge-salon-du-pret-a-porter-paris-andrea-crews-clara-lindsten-2

Scenography for Salon du Prêt à Porter, Paris 2009.
In collaboration with Andrea Crews.

A project about showing the use of new materials as a source of applied creativity. The scene that draws its raw material from the inestimable resources of industrial waste which, once transformed, reveal its aesthetic potential.


4Octagon_stool_by_Clara_Lindsten_photo_Erik_Wahlstrom 4Crystal-Pendant-by-Clara-Lindsten-photo-Erik-Wahlstrom

A blend of traditional craft and modern design process, experiments with
production techniquies and re-interpretations of classical shapes
have emerged into a collection of furniture, created in sustainable manners
and made by craftsmen in two opposite parts of the world

It is the outcome of frequent trips to Vietnam, where Clara collaborates with
VINH LONG JTC, which is a natural fiber company situated in the Mekong
delta, two hours from Saigon.


  • Planning and urban development solutions, embracing sustainable growth.
  • Clean energy industries, taking advantage of the local climate.

Arup has been commissioned to act as masterplanning and urban design consultant on the creation of a strategic development masterplan for the Vietnamese province of Ninh Thuan. The project represents a significant milestone in the firm’s planning business and consolidates Arup’s involvement in Vietnam.

Arup’s role in this challenging project is to enable prosperity in Ninh Thuan by developing a planning vision and formulating an implementable masterplan that embraces the principal of sustainable growth.

Ninh%20Thuan_1sA new vision for a sustainable future has been created for Ninh Thuan province.

ninhthuan_218x193_arupThe climate makes the province an ideal location to generate clean energy through wind and solar power.

6.) Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN)

  • Six year, US$60m programme aimed at building climate change resilience in over 20 small to medium sized Asian cities.
  • Focus on cities facing climate change risk, rapid urbanisation and poverty.
  • Our work aims to catalyse action within cities and influence short and long term decision making.

Arup International Development has helped shape and implement this major multi-country initiative, from the beginning.

ACCCRN_OVERA_218x327_ArupACCCRN aims to catalyse attention, funding, and action on building climate change resilience for poor and vulnerable people.

7.) Times Square Vietnam

Times Square Vietnam is situated at the most prominent location in the heart of Ho Chi Minh City’s Central Business District. The new 164m tall building houses a five-star hotel, top quality serviced apartments, office facilities and retail space. The structure has three basement levels and six podium levels, supporting a 33-storey tower.

Arup designers and engineers provided architectural and multidisciplinary engineering services to redesign the building. The team enhanced its value and effectiveness by combining the two buildings originally proposed for the project by the former architect into one L-shaped structure. The new design also helps to enhance the overall stiffness of the structure and reduce construction costs.

Time_Square_day_lightbox2_odd_612_c_Time_SquareTimes Square is redesigned to an L-shape building.

8.) The East Asia Hospital

The hotel hospital is envisaged to be a state-of-the-art building, providing highly professional and sophisticated facilities for both hardware and software installations. It provides an oasis from the fast-developing city, serving as a one-stop shop for people of all ages wishing to enjoy a healthy lifestyle.

East%20Asia%20Hospital_s%20ArupEast Asia Hospital provides an oasis for people to enjoy a healthy lifestyle.

9.) Sunrise City

One of the largest residential and commercial developments in Ho Chi Minh City, this project consists of 14 residential towers over a four-level retail podium and two-level car parking basement.

The total development area is approximately 400,000m2,divided into three plots connected by linking bridges.

Arup is providing civil, structural and geotechnicalengineering services for two plots of the project.



Pre-folded origami beer label.

It’s all in your head expo, Milan 2006






Week 6-8 Part 1: Introduction to Vitetnam & Philippines



Vietnam is a country located in Southeastern Asia bordering the Gulf of Thailand, the Gulf of Tonkin, and the South China Sea. Although many westerners still imagine Vietnam
through the lens of war, it is in reality a country filled with captivating
natural beauty and tranquil village life.


– Basic Facts:

Population: 89.3 million


  • $300.0 billion
  • 5.9% growth
  • 6.5% 5-year compound annual growth
  • $3,359 per capita

80% of people in Vitetnam are ethnic Vietnamese, while the remaining 20% comprises more than 50 separate ethnic groups. About seven million of these ethnic minorities are
members of the hill tribes or montagnards (French for mountain people),
making their homes and livelihoods in the spectacular mountains of the north and
central highlands. Among the many languages spoken in Vietnam are Vietnamese,
Chinese, English, French, and Russian.

Religions: Indigonous religions 45.3%, Buddhism 16.4%, Christianity 8.7%, Non-religious 29%

Industries: food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, mobile phones. This entry provides a rank ordering of industries starting with the largest by value of annual output.

Cultural Characteristics: Vietnamese culture bears typical characteristics of an agricultural civilization based on the cultivation of wet rice. In general, Vietnam is considered to be part of the East Asian Cultural Sphere. In the 20th century, Vietnamese culture received merchant influences from the Europeans, including the spread of Catholicism and the adoption of Latin alphabet. To this day, Vietnam is the only nation of Indochina that uses the Latin alphabet to write national language.

Regarding Vietnam as a wet rice civilization, the whole Vietnamese features, from gastronomy to fashion, are all relevant to this biggest characteristic.

Image         Image




The Philippines which is often called the “Pearl of the Orient Seas” is found in the Malay archipelago in Southeast Asia. Philippine in which is rich in natural resources comprises 7,107 islands that is called the Philippines archipelago. The total land area is approximately 300,000 square kilometers or 116,000 square miles. The capital is Manila. Philippine is located in the heart of Southeast Asia. It stands in the crossroads of the developed western world and the Orient.


– Basic Facts:

Capital: Manila

GDP (purchasing power parity): $393.4 billion
GDP (official exchange rate): $216.1 billion
GDP – real growth rate: 4.7%
GDP – per capita (PPP): $4,100
Labor force: 39.81 million
– Ethnic Groups:
– Religions: At least 80 percent of Filipinos belong to the Roman Catholic faith. About 5 percent of the population are Moslems, with the majority living in Mindanao. Ethnic Chinese account for some 1%, and the rest of the population is com-posed of other faiths, including Buddhists, and other smaller Christian denominations.
– Language: The national language is Filipino although there are at least 87 regional dialects. English, widely spoken and understood, is the language used for most business and legal transactions. Hokkien, Cantonese, and Mandarin are spoken by older members of the Filipino-Chinese community.
– Specific Industries: 

  1. Ready made garments
  2. Manufacture of plastic products
  3. Production, processing and preservation of meat, fish and other seafoods, fruits, vegetables, oils
  4. Manufacture of bakery products
  5. Printing and printing-related services
  6. Manufacture and repair of furniture
  7. Manufacture of nonmetallic mineral products
  8. Manufacture of basic iron and steel
  9. Manufacture of chemical products
  10. Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper board

– cultural Characteristics: The Filipino is basically of Malay stock with a sprinkling of Chinese, American, Spanish, and Arab blood. The Filipino character is actually a little bit of all the cultures put together. The bayanihan or spirit of kinship and camaraderie that Filipinos are famous for is said to be taken from Malay forefathers. The close family relations are said to have been inherited from the Chinese. The piousness comes from the Spaniards who introduced Christianity in the 16th century. Hospitality is a common denominator in the Filipino character and this is what distinguishes the Filipino. Filipinos are probably one of the few, if not the only, English-proficient Oriental people today. Pilipino is the official national language, with English considered as the country’s unofficial one.



– Historical Milestones:





Part 3: Gunpowder and Gun


Gunpower Along with the silk and paper, gunpowder is another invention by Chinese and the Silk Road helped it spread to the west. The dating of gunpowder is as early as 850 A.D. This invention seems to have been discovered in China by accident – by alchemists seeking the elixir of immortality. This earliest account reported the experiment: “some have heated together the saltpeter, sulfure and carbon of charcoal with honey; smoke and flames result, so that their hands and faces have been burnt, and even the whole house burnt down.”

The gunpowder used for military purpose was first recorded in 919 A.D. By the 11th century, explosive bombs filled with gunpowder and fired from catapults were introduced and used in China. The words “fire cannon”, “rocket”, “missile” and “fireball” appeared time and again in the official Song history as well as two other books written during the same period. The first detailed description of using “firing cannon” in warfare was in connection with a battle fought in 1126 when the Song army used it against the invading Nuchens. The so-called fire cannon was a tube made oif bamboo filled with gunpowder which, when fired, threw a flaming missile towards the enemy. Since the barrel was made of bamboo, the f lying missile could not cover a long distance. According to a description of a battle scene in 1132, it took two persons to carry a “fire cannon”, and the cannons were fired from a moving platform after it had been moved close to the wall of the besieged city.

The Chinese invention of gunpowder never went much beyond its crudest form, and it was abandoned as a military weapon shortly afterwards. It reached Japan, Islam and then Europe in the 13th century and the Arabs improved gunpowder for military use. In 1280, the Syrian al-Hasan ar-Rammah wrote the Book of Fighting on Horseback and with War Engines. Herein introduced a rocket device, which he called “Chinese arrow.” The early account of gunpowder in Europe was recorded by English philosopher Roger Bacon in the 13th century. One century later the Arabs used it to attack the Spanish town Baza and the very next year in 1326 Florence ordered the manufacturing of cannon and cannon balls. From Italy the making of gunpowder soon spread to other European countries, and by the 1350s it had become an effective weapon on the battlefield.

Origin of Gun The Chinese adapted their primitive catapults to eventually develop a true gun with a metal barrel, gunpowder and a projectile by the 12th century. It is believed that the first gun was found in the early 1970s at Pan-la-ch’eng-tzu village, Manchuria, and dated to around 1290 A.D.